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Agricultural commodity


The cotton culture has been known to humanity for at least 6,000 years. The Incas and other ancient civilizations used the plant for fabric production.


In the territory that would become Brazil, the Indigenous peoples had already mastered planting, being able to weave and dye the fibers of their nets since before the discovery.

Commercial production in the Country began in the 18th century, in the states of the Northeast Region. In 1760, Maranhão exported the first sacks of cotton to Europe, initiating the cultivation of the perennial arboreal type, which has longer fibers.

Rapidly, Brazil became one of the world's largest producers. The process was driven by the English demand for raw materials after the Industrial Revolution and the Independence of the United States, which stopped supplying the English market.

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